REAL Health Information, Resources & Reviews
My name is Neville Pettersson and I am the creator and main contributor to BBI Share. I am a certified personal trainer.
© 2013 BBIShare. All rights reserved. All content on bbishare.com is copyrighted and may not be republished without our expressed written permission. This site has affiliate relationships with and receives compensation from some companies whose products are on our site.
Acyclovir is primarily used to treat infections caused by herpes viruses. Some of
these viruses cause cold sores (herpes labialis), shingles (herpes zoster), chicken
pox (varicella zoster) and genital infections (herpes simplex type I and Type II).
Acyclovir works by the conversion of a herpes virus enzyme into a molecule that inhibits
the synthesis of DNA molecules in infected cells, thereby inhibiting replication.
Herpes infections are contagious even while being treated. The best way to avoid
infecting others is by frequent washing of hands.
Acyclovir is most commonly available under the trade name Zovirax, and can be administered orally, topically, or intravenously.
Acyclovir is available in several forms -
200mg Oral; Indicated for the treatment of initial episode of genital herpes. Adults
and children above 12: 200 mg 5 times a day for ten days. For children under 12,
use and dosage is required to be permitted and supervised by their doctor. Intermittent
therapy for prevention of recurrent genital herpes infections
Adults: 200 mg P.O. q 4 hours while awake (five times/day) for 5 days, initiated at first sign or symptom of recurrence or up to twelve months, depending on frequency of outbreaks. Children under 12 -
800mg Oral; Used in the acute treatment of herpes zoster (shingles). Typical dosage for adults is 800 mg P.O. q 4 hours (five times/day) for 7 to 10 days.
Creams such as Zocovin are prescribed for topical use in ophthalmology in particular keratitis and other eye damage caused by the Herpes Simplex virus; for external use such as infections of the skin and mucous membranes, genital herpes (primary and recurrent); and in support therapy.
Vilerm cream belongs to the class of topical antivirals used in the treatment of dermatological diseases and as such is used in the treatment of herpes simplex and herpes zoster viral infections of the skin & mucous membranes including initial & recurrent episodes of herpes genitalis and herpes labialis infections. Dose and duration is local and external application 5 times a day for 5 days or as indicated by a doctor.
Acyclovir represents a significant advance in the treatment of herpes viral infections
and appears to be safe and well-
For treatment of chickenpox: Children who weigh over 88 pounds (40 kilograms), 800 mg four times a day for five days. Children aged 2 and older and weighing 88 pounds (40 kilograms) or less. Therapeutic dosage is based on body weight and must be determined by the doctor. The usual dose is 20 mg per kilogram (kg) of body weight, up to 800 mg, four times a day for five days. Children up to 2 years of age. Use and dose must be determined by the doctor.
Used to treat the condition caused by recurrent herpes labialis (cold sores) -
Acyclovir (ACV), CAS number 59277-
Acyclovir is made of a synthetic purine nucleoside analogue derived from guanine (originally found in guano or bird droppings and in fish such as sturgeon but also since synthesized). Along with adenine, cytosine and thymine, guanine is one of the four main nucleobases found in DNA and RNA.